Monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants

Vascular bundles in the stems are fewer than in the Monocotyledons and are located in rings concentrically. Mostly herbaceous.

Difference between monocot and dicot flowers

Although largely herbaceous, some arboraceous monocots reach great height, length and mass. This practical requires the use of Iodine, therefore it is important to establish if any learners are allergic to iodine. Production of new living tissue: stems contain meristematic tissue which generates new tissue. They do not have secondary growth, which means they cannot increase their diameter and produce woods. Xylem has lignified cell walls which helps it fulfil its two important roles, namely; strengthening and supporting the stem, and transporting water and minerals from the root system to the leaves. They have net or reticulate venation and are often with uneven edges, jagged or dissected. Important families are Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, Rosaceae, Cucurbitaceae, etc. Key Differences Between Monocots and Dicots Following are the substantial characters to distinguish between the two types of angiosperms: Monocots can be defined as the plants with the seed having only one cotyledon, and the plant is called as monocotyledons, while plants with the seed having two cotyledons are called as dicots, and the plant is called as dicotyledons.

Cortex: A region which comprises of collenchyma, parenchyma and the endodermis Collenchyma: A few layers of living cells that lie under the epidermis. The epidermis consists of loosely packed cells whereas the endodermis has tightly packed cells.

It is not necessary to formally assess the drawings learners make. In this section, we will study the overall structure or anatomy of dicotyledonous plants. Dicotyledons: The Dicotyledons have tap root system. Some, such as species of Yuccadevelop anomalous secondary growth, while palm trees utilise an anomalous primary growth form described as establishment growth see Vascular system.

The leaf venation is also parallel, the roots are the adventitious type, and they are herbaceous containing soft stems. The cambium separates the xylem and phloem tissues from each other.

Monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous plants

In this meristematic region, cells divide continuously by mitosis to produce new cells. Storage of nutrients. The root cap is slimy in nature to facilitate easy movement. The age or size of the celery does not matter. Figure 5. Link the annual rings in a tree trunk to environmental studies climate change which will be taught later. The main stem develops from the plumule of the embryo and the lateral branches develop from the buds. Choosing the right product for the right kind of plant is important. Slides can be made from celery or pumpkin stalks to view xylem tissue and secondary thickening patterns.

In addition to roots, monocots develop runners and rhizomeswhich are creeping shoots. It functions in the formation of lateral roots. Some monocots can produce a substitute however, as in the palms and agaves.

Difference between monocot and dicot pdf

Nodes and internodes are regions found on the stem. Nodes are the regions from which leaves and lateral branches develop, and the regions between nodes are known as internodes shown in Figure 5. The function of the root hairs is to absorb water and dissolved mineral salts from the soil. You Might Also Like:. If the carrot is thick, it may be better to attempt to cut a thin section from HALF the carrot, rather than make it so thick that light will not shine through it. Dicots have the reticulate venation or net-like arrangement in their leaves, this arrangement is responsible for transport of materials like carbohydrates and water in whole plants. Difference Between Monocotyledon and Dicotyledon 1. Learners will be preparing slides in this practical. They are mostly herbaceous. In monocots the embryo has only one cotyledon, the pollen tube contain single pore or furrow monocolpate , whereas in dicots the embryo has two cotyledons and the pollen tube have three or more pore or furrow tricolpate. Tissue distribution in root The different tissues in the root have a distribution which is common to all dicotyledonous plants and is shown in Figure 5.

These large, thin-walled cells have leucoplasts to store starch and large vacuoles to store water and dissolved sugars. The cells of the pith store water and starch, while the intercellular spaces allow for gaseous exchange.

monocot and dicot examples
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Difference Between Monocotyledon and Dicotyledon