The traditional method of putting the burden on maintaining roads on local landowners was increasingly inadequate.
Rather than affiliating with a dominant party, American Progressives shared a common goal of wielding federal power to pursue a sweeping range of social, environmental, political, and economic reforms.
The National Civic Federation, composed of business and labor leaders, had long supported workmen's compensation, but could do little about it until member Samuel Gompers dropped his opposition to it.
Advocates of home economics argued that homemaking, as a profession, required education and training for the development of an efficient and systematic domestic practice. Prohibition also had an economic motivation: employers wanted sober, efficient workers.
Lathrop, a noted maternalist reformer, was the first woman ever to head a government agency in the United States. Progressivism arose as a response to the vast changes brought about by modernization, such as the growth of large corporations and railroads, and fears of corruption in American politics.
The Eighteenth Amendment, passed in latebanned the manufacturing, sale, and transport of alcohol, while the Nineteenth Amendment, passed ingave women the right to vote. With their massive resources and economies of scale, large corporations offered the United States advantages that smaller companies could not offer.