Biotope and habitat are sometimes used interchangeably, but the former applies to a community's environment, whereas the latter applies to a species' environment. For example, ecological studies have shown that fire plays a key role in maintaining healthy forest ecosystems in certain types of forests.
Hence, ecologists classify ecosystems hierarchically by analyzing data collected from finer scale units, such as vegetation associations, climate, and soil types, and integrate this information to identify emergent patterns of uniform organization and processes that operate on local to regional, landscapeand chronological scales.
See also the essay by Prue Taylor in Part 5.
This is called biotic stability and is directly proportional to the number of interacting species it contains i. Ecological studies have found that people are more likely to get Lyme disease when acorns are plentiful.
Although disparate and irregularly connected, each seeks in its own way to address the many serious deficiencies of centralized governments corruption, lack of transparency, rigidity, a marginalized citizenry and concentrated markets externalized costs, fraud, the bigger-better-faster ethos of material progress.
This, in fact, is the grand narrative of conventional economics.