A good introduction provides the basis for the article. How to read a research article. In a quantitative study, the method section usually describes the following, which may be presented in labeled subsections: The research design Methods of measuring variables and collecting data Study procedures, including procedures to protect human rights Data analysis methods Qualitative researchers discuss many of the same issues but with different emphases.
In quantitative studies, the title communicates key variables and the population in other words, PICO components. TIP Results are more reliable if the p value is smaller. When a hypothesis is being tested, it should be clearly stated and include the expected results.
In this paragraph, the researchers described the central concept of interest experiences of adolescents returning to school after cancer treatmentthe need for the study the fact that little is known about the experience directly from adolescentsand the study purpose.
Trustworthiness Validity Evidence from nursing studies is communicated through research reports that describe what was studied, how it was studied, and what was found.
The abstract is a brief description of the study placed at the beginning of the article.
Statistical significance. Virtually all results sections contain descriptive information, including a description of the participants e.