Characteristics of social science research
Characteristics of social science research
Thus, social research may be visualized as having practical implications for formal and informal types of leadership, patterns on influence and reform in different spheres of society. The next two rules urge researchers to "compare like with like" Rule 5 and to "study change" Rule 6 ; these two rules are especially important when researchers want to estimate the effect of one variable on another e. This amounts to assuming that manipulation is just about the only method of control. The observed and hidden dimensions of the problem thrown up by such studying may be expected to proffer certain measure of foresight to planners to deal with the problem effectively. A researcher brought its views must be accurate and precise to the problematic situation. Secondly, we should not forget that qualitative expressions and analyses have their own place of importance in a social inquiry. Adequate social planning depends for its success on a systematic knowledge above the social resources and liabilities, of the people and their culture; of their similarities and differences, of organizations and operative controls, of their needs, hopes, aspirations and problems. The relationship-building course, the common project dialogue dispatch course, and the training support career course provide students with a wider perspective. In other words, the differences between two or more categories within a social system may be so small that nothing can be said conclusively on the basis of comparison. But in the social sciences, it is a major task to unravel even such problems. The social researcher, in so far as he has to work in reference to different spatial-temporal contexts, each challenging his attack, is constantly faced with the need to improve upon his tools or if need be, to fashion new tools to match his skills with the task prompted by the exigencies of the situation. Ragin writes in his Constructing Social Research book that "Social research involved the interaction between ideas and evidence. For example, A survey can be conducted to understand Climate change awareness among the general population. The social scientist assumes that all knowledge is potentially useful in the end. A natural scientist need not worry about his laboratory experiment getting vitiated by his mood or by declaration of a foreign policy and other social events, however, his breath may affect the chemical elements in the course of a chemical experiment while all these and many more such factors need to be carefully controlled lest a social scientist should foul up his work.
It gives us satisfaction of knowing the unknown. These dynamic relationships, between what can be observed on the ground, as opposed to what can be observed by compiling many local observations remain fundamental in any kind of anthropologywhether cultural, biological, linguistic or archaeological.
The broad task of analysing data may be viewed as comprising various specific sub- tasks such as the establishment of analytical categories, the application of these categories to raw data through coding, tabulation and drawing of statistical inferences, etc.
Classification or categorization facilitates the tabulation operations to be undertaken subsequently. Social phenomena are complex to us, because our knowledge of them is inadequate and our tools of study have developed a little beyond infancy.
In social sciences, the laboratory is the society and the objects in the main are conscious and active human beings.
Purpose of social research
Social Research Methods Surveys: A survey is conducted by sending a set of pre-decided questions to a sample of individuals from a target market. It should never lead or be mistaken with philosophy or belief. Let us now consider the utility of social research, especially, for a developing country like ours. The researcher engaged in formulating a research design prepares, advisedly, an idealized research design, which is concerned with laying down the optimal research procedure that would be followed if there were no practical restrictions. Science is public institution and in the interest of its growth on the right lines, every scientist is duty-bound except in certain situations to make his findings as also the method by which he arrived at these, known to the public. From a humanities perspective, communication is concerned with rhetoric and persuasion traditional graduate programs in communication studies trace their history to the rhetoricians of Ancient Greece. At first glace, it would seem fairly easy to see and pose a problem for study. The broad task of analysing data may be viewed as comprising various specific sub- tasks such as the establishment of analytical categories, the application of these categories to raw data through coding, tabulation and drawing of statistical inferences, etc.
There is no surefooted and infallible principle which can guide an investigator in posing some conditions which have over the years proved very helpful in formulating significant problems for research. Social research involves creating a theory, operationalization measurement of variables and observation actual collection of data to test hypothesized relationship.
Verifiability Another characteristic of research is the researcher must verify the data.
Characteristics of social science research ppt
Editing is a procedure involved in data analysis which is employed to improve the quality of the data for coding. Nor is it all; such a foundation of scientifically gathered knowledge affords a basis for evaluation the net gains of planning for the social system in question. This will lead to a collection of information and feedback from individuals that belong to various backgrounds, ethnicities, age-groups etc. In this sense, geography bridges some gaps between the natural sciences and social sciences. There are no laws in social science that parallel the laws in natural science. Glenn Firebaugh summarizes the principles for good research in his book Seven Rules for Social Research. Though control is not synonymous with manipulation, some scientists, Ackoff tells us, consider it useful to make a distinction between the general class of controlled manipulation. The first rule is that "There should be the possibility of surprise in social research. So also can the social- scientist study the miniature social systems in a controlled manner if he is able to determine the significant properties of these systems i. Institutions related to public health or governmental organizations are carrying out studies to find the cause.
There are no laws in social science that parallel the laws in natural science. Many a time, investigators may be tempted to jump immediately from the selection of a general topic to the collection of data.
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