An introduction to the colosseum
They had a strong religious element but were also demonstrations of power and family prestige, and were immensely popular with the population. The Colosseum's partial destruction allows us to see into the bowels of the amphitheatre, in a way that no ancient could.
Supporting buildings The Colosseum — a view from the Oppian Hill The Colosseum and its activities supported a substantial industry in the area. This ancient sporting arena could easily fit a modern day football pitch inside!
The numerous vaulted spaces in the arcades under the seating were converted into housing and workshops, and are recorded as still being rented out as late as the 12th century.
In recent years, the Colosseum has become a symbol of the international campaign against capital punishment, which was abolished in Italy in By the year the name "Colosseum" had been coined to refer to the amphitheatre from the nearby Colossus Solis.
Short essay on colosseum
These conventions were adjusted according to the demands of each site, but the basic pattern is repeated, and much of it is not easily visible to the naked eye. But when the Colosseum opened in AD 80, Titus staged a sea-fight there in about one metre of water , and recent research has shown convincingly that the amphitheatre had no basement at this time. D under the Emperor Vespasian, in the heart of Ancient Rome. However, much larger concerts have been held just outside, using the Colosseum as a backdrop. They included former gladiators, actors, and gravediggers. Colossus Outside of the Colosseum was an enormous 30 foot bronze statue of the emperor Nero called the Colossus of Nero. Its architects adopted solutions very similar to those used in modern stadiums to deal with the same problem. Structurally, the building works by a robust balance of pressures. Inside it, behind those serried ranks of arches and columns, Romans for centuries cold-bloodedly killed literally thousands of people whom they saw as criminals, as well as professional fighters and animals. Unlike many earlier amphitheaters, which had been dug into hillsides to provide adequate support, the Colosseum was a freestanding structure made of stone and concrete. This comprised a gallery for the common poor, slaves and women. The entrances were marked by giant porticoes, each topped by a gilded horse-drawn chariot. The Colosseum: A Grand Amphitheater Measuring some by feet by meters , the Colosseum was the largest amphitheater in the Roman world. It consisted of a two-level subterranean network of tunnels and cages beneath the arena where gladiators and animals were held before contests began. The design advantage of looking up at, rather than down on, the amphitheatre is obvious.
The original name for the Colosseum was the Amphitheatrum Flavium, but it eventually became known as the Colosseum. And given the site, in a valley where there was previously a lake, it had to be planned carefully.
Such scenes might be used simply to display a natural environment for the urban population, or could otherwise be used as the backdrop for hunts or dramas depicting episodes from mythology. The Colosseum Over the Centuries The Colosseum saw some four centuries of active use, until the struggles of the Western Roman Empire and the gradual change in public tastes put an end to gladiatorial combats and other large public entertainments by the 6th century A. Unlike many earlier amphitheaters, which had been dug into hillsides to provide adequate support, the Colosseum was a freestanding structure made of stone and concrete. The five sections of the auditorium, from bottom to top, would have contained only about 50, predominantly adult males out of an adult male population in the city of Rome of close on , Pope Sixtus V — planned to turn the building into a wool factory to provide employment for Rome's prostitutes, though this proposal fell through with his premature death. The exterior was decorated at the top with glistening gilded bronze shields Most recently, the Colosseum was illuminated in gold in November following the abolishment of capital punishment in the American state of Connecticut in April The distinctive exterior had three stories of arched entrances—a total of around 80—supported by semi-circular columns.
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